9 DOCTORS & GOD
Francis John Halford
University of Hawaii Press
First edition, october 1954 /Second edition April 1955
A doctor presents a lively account of nineteenth-century New Englanders who sailed upon a six-months voyage around the Horn as medical missionaries to the primitive inhabitants of subtropical Hawaii. With them they took brides who had been strangers to them only weeks before. Stubbornly clinging to temperate-zone clothing, food, and traditions, these "parlorraised Priscillas" faced mountainous household tasks. Meantime their husbands crossed treacherous channels and threaded perilous mountain trails to deliver missionary babies, to fight leprosy and smallpox, and to try to save the natives from the common cold and other newly introduced disease against which they had had no opportunity to build up a resistance.
The resentment of sailors and whaling captains at introduction of the Decalogue, the distrust of kings and chiefs, the jealousy of native medical practitioners-these were some of obstacles which beset the missionary doctors.
Relying upon bleedings, blisterings, purges, and emetics, they practiced in a day when anesthetics,antisepsis, and abdominal surgery were unknown.Theirs was a record of gallant dedication in the face of almost insuperable odds.
But this book is far more than a record of the hardships and triumphs of missionary physicians.It is an account of a critical era of rapid change ithin a primitive island community struggling to survive the sudden impact of Western civilization.
Nine Doctors and God is based largely upon the personal letters and private journals of the doctors and their wives-relatively obscure and highly fruitful sources of first-hand information.The result is a rare combination of scholarly research and spirited presentation-a splendid contribution to the annals of an eventful period of transition in Hawaii and America.
ハワイの西洋との接触からその歴史のなかで大きな役割を果たしてきた９人の宣教医を紹介する。本書もGrove Dayの「Books about Hawaii-FIFTY BASIC AUTORS-」に掲載されている。著者Francis John Halfordも医者であり、宣教師の血を受け継ぐMarjorie Athertonと結婚。四半世紀のハワイ生活を経験している。
PART 1: HAWAII’S FIRST PHYSICIAN
I.GOD AND NATIVE MEDICINE
II.THOMAS HOLMAN, PIONEER
IV. WHITENING FOR HARVEST
PART 2: THE OTHER EIGHT
VI. THE STORK AND ABRAHAM BLATCHELY
VII. GERRIT JUDD, KING’S COUNSELLOR
VIII. DWIGHT BALDWIN, DOCTOR-DOMINIE
IX. VERSATILE ALONZO CHAPIN
X. THOMAS LAFON, ABOLITIONIST
XI. NATURALIST SETH ANDREWS
XII. JAMES SMITH, KAUKA OF KOLOA
PART 3: THE FOUR WHO STAYED
XIV. SMALLPOX AND LEPROSY
XV. PLANNING FOR POSTERITY
XVI. THE ELECANT EICHTIES
XVII. THE LAST OF THE NINE
A. CHAPIN’S “DISEASES OF THE SANDWICH ISLANDS”
B. LAFON’S “UTILITY OF THE BANDAGE”
D. CHRONOLOGY OF MEDICAL EVENTS IN HAWAII, 1778-1899
E. TABLE OF HAWAI’S POPULATION, 1778-1900
F.GLOSSARY OF HAWAIIAN WORDS
G. SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY